The reason why Jewish people have Hanukkah is that one day King Antiochus, King of the Seleucid Empire, wanted everyone to pray to the same gods (that he believed in) so, he conquered Jerusalem. He demanded the people convert or he'd destroy all the temples, even the big golden one in the centre of the city.

One day, Judah Maccabee and his brothers made an army to fight the Seleucid army. They won, and fought hard because they were fighting for what they believed in. When the brothers first went into the temple and they saw it was ruined with cracks and no oil in the menorah. While they were cleaning they found oil and they all knew it would only last for one night. Surprisingly it lasted for eight days so they knew that god was with them. So goodnight children , I hope you enjoyed the story

Joking about the children bit but I do hope you enjoyed it because I did a lot of research.

What I did in the workshop today

I don't remember that much about today, so don't expect me to always remember everything I did (I don't even remember what I did yesterday). I got the drills ready to continue drilling the screws on the container (which is the name we were giving for the printing press). Sean asked me to work on the letters so I got to put two letters on the wooden blocks that Khalia was cutting.

Once we had lunch and park we went back to the workshop and I continued with the container. But I realised that I made a mistake on the pieces of wood I was screwing in, so I had to take the screws off and readjust the wood and screw it back in place.

Then Sean said we should do some tests by printing Test on a piece of paper. Everyone got the printing press ready and several people watched us print Tst because the e didn't work. We did several tests until it printed Test properly. So we wrote down how we did it and how many clamps we used and all of that stuff. Then we tried it with four clamps but it sadly didn't work, but then we had to clean up so that was basically my whole day (I know, a whole day doing woodwork! I wish we could do metalwork but whatever). So see you later, Romans. I know I did it on another blog post so don't make me explain again.

Workshop day

In the morning we were doing some math solutions were the answer was there but it wasn't (such wizardry/ witchcraft). No, it was really hard to do because I always over think those types of questions so don't annoy me with questions about it. After we did the maths, Amanda had a fishy surprise that surprisingly had fish involved, we got a pet fish, actually Amanda brought in fish heads to dissect! So Lucie and I got gloves on and started dissecting the fish head together (Don't say anything romantic Green Band or anyone else who got the idea ( DON'T EVEN THINK ABOUT IT!!!!)).

Once I penetrated the skull with the knife I started cutting it. It was to hard to make a square shape so I helped Lucie by opening the frozen mouth to see the little teeth and possibly the brain. We unfortunately didn't get to see the brain but we got to see the world's smallest teeth and tongue. Once we finished it was park time so lets avoid the whole lunch thing. Then it was time to go to the workshop and build a printing press (hopefully).

(Lets just avoid a little details otherwise you would be sitting for hours and I might lose my fingers).

So when it was time for coding, Khalia and I asked Amanda if we could stay and work and she said yes, so we continued to work. Once Khalia finished she came over and helped me and we took turns using different drills so we could make a hole or put the screw in. Once we did it it was the end of the day so, GOOD NIGHT


today, printing press presentation

Today, I was working on my font, which was an uppercase S. I made it look Roman because I love ancient Roman history. After that I started making my own writing language made up of symbols so I will be able to communicate with other people that know it. After I went to park and had lunch, we had 30 minutes to prepare a presentation before the Red Band arrived, which has the youngest kids in the school. Lucie and I never got to present The Crusades because we couldn’t finish on time. We did not finish our Google Slides that had all the details of The Crusades, so we just ended up watching everyone present. We were presenting on the printing press, which is a piece of wood with mirrored letters carved into it, ink all over it, and was used to create a whole page of writing instead of writing the whole page by hand. Then Oscar was teaching us how to scan pictures from a piece of paper to a digital photo. So he picked two people at a time and I thought it was fun. Once everyone learned how to do it we went on our computers and went to Zooniverse, which is a website. I was learning Ancient Greek (I already know a lot of Ancient Greek) from photos of paper with writing from thousands of years ago. So that was my day and now I get to create the language for my band for homework. So see you later, Romans.

You can ignore the rest if you want to so read on if you like.

I was joking about you being Roman, unless you are in which case I think you are awesome. REALLY AWESOME, so awesome that I would always ask you questions about being Roman and just basically ruin your plans for the day, like, you're going on your honeymoon and I would just appear out of nowhere when you were about to kiss and I would ask a question, like, “Do legionnaires still exist?”

You would just really not want to know me if you were Roman.

You do not need to read the rest of this blog post, but if you do, you might want to zoom in to read.

Julian is the best child historian in the world.

Thanksgiving break

This thanksgiving break I was at home the whole break playing games and writing nanowrimo for the last week of the month to finish my novel. That was about all I did and the novel is quite sad because of sad reasons.

Julian Hayes
author of Civil War, Rome

a visit from a future author, AKA my mum

Today my mum came to school to tell us about her book and how to write a novel and she she had a slideshow for how to write a book and things about her's. I was making sure no one was going to take it. I remember my mum said that writing a novel is like making a diamond with the carbon and the carbon in a book is the words in the book. I don't really remember anything else except spoilers (but mister julian, why can't you tell us anything about the book) NO! I won't reveal anything.

Comet Landing

Yesterday night I watched a video with the whole school all night about the rosetta landing on a comet in outer space really far away from earth. I fell asleep in the first few minutes (so don't tell me that I am holding back details) because I was sleepy and when I'm sleepy I don't really remember what happens so be quiet.

We all saw Interstellar at the movies before that.

I remember I thought the lander got destroyed because of faces of the people from Mission Control looked sad so Khalia and I were pretending they were so happy they couldn't do their work and they were not focusing for signals or messages.

When the lander landed on the comet everyone was happy and this was the first time humankind had done something like land on a comet. I still don't know if the lander is okay and if the lander is still on the comet. I just discovered that the lander had to go off the comet then reland onto the surface so it wouldn't float to outer space because the harpoons didn't fire.

why books are good and what i think of Fahrenheit 451

Why books are good

I think books are good because of the story and characters. For example I think The Blood of Olympus is good because I like the characters in it and the whole story of the heroes trying to stop an ancient goddess awakening to destroy the world. Books are also good because they can be about true things and made up things. Either way they educate people.

What I think of Fahrenheit 451

I think the reason why they burnt books were:

1.) Their universe is the opposite of ours.

2.) I think they thought books were bad for people so they could control the millions of people (like mashed potatoes).

3.) Everyone is a freak in Fahrenheit 451 except for the firefighter guy and that 17 year old.

4.) Why would they even called firefighters? Instead they should be called firemakers because they make fires.

Book arc

I am excited to write NanoWrimo this month because 1, Its the book arc. 2, I love books. 3, My mum has written a book and I want to write a book too. I want to write a book for my project about Ancient Rome. I really wonder what we will do for the book arc for e.g learning things we didn't know about books and thinking if they might be a new kid in the middle of the arc because it's possible for e.g I came in during the mirrors arc last year. I really hope I can finish my book for NaNoWriMo or even write more than 15,000 words.


Today the entire school could read for the whole day. We could read in our PJ's and bring a pillow to be comfy. So I read Ember in the Ashes which I had an advanced readers copy from my Mum's agent in New York.

So when I got comfy I read and read and read until I finished the book in the afternoon. Then I talked a little bit with everyone who was upstairs with me until it was 2.00pm and Amanda came upstairs so she could read a book to us.

book ban experience blog post: story edition


I was just going to school like any other Monday and I arrived, signed myself in and gave Justine a big hug like every school day and then clap started. So we went to circle but Ellen came in and gave Gever a letter and he opened it and read. Once he finished he told everyone to get their bags and go to their band trees so I went to get my bag from the band space. Once I got outside Lucie and I started a poking competition with each other like always. Then Gever came outside after everyone and told us we are all going on a fieldtrip for 15 minutes with our band. So Green Band went to coffee bar. Amanda got us all hot chocolate and vanilla steamer so I had a vanilla steamer because there were no more hot chocolate.

When we got back to school there was a quarantine area sign that there are books in the building so you have to give up all books and wifi capable electronics so I did so. Once Gever explained what was happening and read the whole stupid law thing, I was beyond mad, I was going insane because of this. I thought it was crazy but it was really happening so when Gever finally let us go back to our classroom, we had to go, and we also had to call Amanda Ms Oberski which seemed very strange. When there were no 'government officials' in our 'classroom' we talked about the book ban for the whole day.


When I arrived I had to give my computer, phone and book to Ellen and Justine so I don't read anything. Amanda planned to go to the Library and read all day so she told us to get our Clipper cards and go to the front door. So I went and got my clipper card at least and I waited for everyone else to come and 2 other bands came out to go to the library too so. When everyone else was outside we walked to the Bart station to go to Civic Centre. Once we arrived at the Bart station I put my clipper card on the clipper bit and went through to the bart and we accidently caught the wrong one so we got off the next stop and got the one the other way.

When we finally arrived at Civic Centre we walked to the library. It's huge and Amanda tells us to meet here at noon so everyone went to the kids section and I found the Heroes of Olympus The Mark of Athena and sat down and started reading for the rest of the day until noon. When it was noon I told Oscar it's 12.00 and I went to tell everyone else it's 12.00. So I went downstairs to the meeting spot but Amanda's not there yet so the rest of the band arrives and all of a sudden Amanda is there holding so many books and asks us "who has their library card" and Khalia and Audrey raise their hands. Amanda gives them most of the books except for one and tells them to borrow them for her with their cards so they did and we went to a park near by to eat lunch but I'm thinking 'lunch?' so I just had a granola bar instead. Once we finished eating we went back to the Bart station and I'm thinking 'I miss reading already' so we come back and it's the end of the day.


Today I was just sitting in the crowd at school listening to everyone argue why they want books back. 3 people said the book ban is good and should stay and I was thinking 'this is just like a Roman Senate meeting where they argue all the time.'

All of a sudden Ellen or Gever said Green Band come up and talk and all the people before me spoke and it was my turn and I didn't have anything to say so Gever asked me if I am for/against the book ban and I say against but I would have said "Positive for the book ban

I believe that the book ban can make sense for some people because there are a few impressionable people who kill each other, cause unrest and vandalism and who do it because of the Hunger Games and many other books like that. So many books have violence, sex scenes, drug use and very rude words in their pages. Or the book is all about it like, Total War: Rome II Fall of Carthage because there is so much violence in the book like elephants squishing people (I won't go in details).

Negative for the book ban

I believe books are good for you because you can learn history, government, new words, culture and much more. They can teach you about what it felt like to live in different places or times, or what it feels like to be a different person. Books are very important for people because they wouldn't be able to read if there were no books and people would be like “I’m bored.” and the other person says “go play some games,” instead of “go read a book.”. I believe the reason it happened was the big gaming companies paying the government to not let kids read and make them play games instead of books.". So Amanda asked Theo to tell us about the rebellious flag he made for books and my band went back in the crowd of students in Brightworks so the Blue and Indigo Band can talk so everyone listens intently for the next 30 minutes or so then Gever, Ellen and Justine tell us to go back to our band spaces and get ready for lunch.

Several hours Later (So mysterious)

Gever tells us to go to the cork floor (I know a floor made out of cork (so cool) (I didn't even learn the name of the place until a month ago it was the cork floor)) so he, Ellen and Justine can tell us exciting news (I know, exciting news). They told us we are allowed to read books again at school so for a special occasion we can dress up in our PJ's and read all day. My thoughts were exploding with joy because we can read again at school so when I'm bored I can go read again (Which doesn't happen at school so just when I can).

I love reading.

THE END!!!!!

evolution of languages and writing


Language has been around for the whole existence of life. For example humans in the stone age could communicate but it was very simple until newer, more complicated languages came in like Alexandrian Greek, Latin, Ancient German and Anglo Saxon. French is a Latin language (along with Spanish, Portuguese and Italian) that makes it one of the most complicated languages to speak in the whole world because it has strict pronunciation compared to the languages in the stone age that are easier than French.


Writing was first done in Egypt in MMMXL/3400 BCE was the first hieroglyphs ever recorded which was simple compared to the later egyptian hieroglyphs and the english writing is way more complicated because you have different spellings for the same word for the past, present and future. In the stone age they didn’t even have a writing system until the neolithic age of human technology was discovered for example writing and better weapons.
I came, I saw, I conquered

bans and bill of rights

I feel really sad about this book ban because we can't read at school anymore. And we also have to call the collaborators by their surname and we have to line up in the morning by band and by age order. The government shouldn't interfere with Brightworks! On the weekend I watched a documentary called Fed Up, which was all about how the US government gets money from food companies and how there is too much sugar in food. They should ban sugar in schools instead of books. The US goverment isn't really that great at governing. This wouldn't happen in Australia!!! I'M GOING TO GO BACK SO I CAN READ AT SCHOOL!

A ban is, not having permission to own an object. In ancient roman times a ban meant that you lost all your property and people could rob you, hurt you and kill you so they could do whatever they wanted to you.  The reason bans happen is for the public to be safe, for their health and protection.

I believe the bill of rights is related because you are getting rid of freedom of speech because you can't ask questions about the book ban and freedom of use because you can't read a book or even use your computer to use the internet. So even though the government are behind the ban, it's actually against what it says in the bill of rights which is what the American government is all about! It makes no sense.

Photography Arc

On the first day of the photography arc my band wrote a question to ask everyone in the band (well I don't really remember the rest of that day or several days after that because that was months ago). The only question I remember was “what’s your favourite colour?”. Mine was blue (it still is).

One day we went on a scavenger hunt for photos (of course the reason we did it was the photography arc) and you can go on the scavenger hunt blog post for more details and the photos are there too so I got about X photos I took myself not off the internet and here is the post.

One time we went to Phillips band space to learn about the rule of thirds so we had to write a lot of things which hurt my hands so much while Phillips band was in our bandspace relaxing there hands and talking about it not writing (I have no idea what they were talking about so don't ask).

Another day Sean came in and showed us how to do a very basic technical drawing with no tools except the mighty measuring tape so we can measure the 3 pieces of wood drilled together in a mighty π shape, the shape with the ends sticking a little bit on the other side so not so much like π.

Really recently we went to mendicino (I always leave the best for last) for a whole week AKA V days (I love roman numerals so you better learn them) but the one thing I did not like was the trip to the hospital with Ellen and Amanda because I fell down a cliff (well it was a X feet drop and it is hard to climb) into the creek with a rocky beach. But I survived with no broken bones sticking out of my leg or just in general.

I thought the photography arc was really fun and I got to go to the darkroom to process film and learn more about cameras in this arc.

Mendocino woodlands

Last week I went to Mendocino for the whole week but I don't really remember that much except that I had to go to the hospital. The reason was because I was playing tag and I was running and didn't notice a 4 metre drop to a creek that was really big. I didn't fall in the water but I hit a log during my fall (I think ya punks (joking but I think so)).

It was also my birthday on the day I had to go to the hospital (so sad right(well sort of)) for at least 2 hours and it was also Wednesday when I left.

Here is my cabin:

Here is the hospital x-ray room:

my project so far (so far...)

I am missing the last one but you can see the faint line that connects them all up so this is my dreams house downstairs outline.

Accomplishing parts of my PROJECT

Today I was drawing my technical drawing draft and I needed to figure out the measurements for it and I did it, FINALLY all my hard work has payed for the whole day of school.

Pier 24

Today we went to Pier 24 and looked at photos that are some other photos and changed it around so it looks different and we were there with the orange band looking at the pictures all morning. After we finished we walked to the ferry building and ate lunch, After that I told Amanda we should go to Boudin bakery and look at the museum like place upstairs near the restaurant. Once we left we went to get ice cream and once we finished we walked back to school and it was time to nearly leave so I did my homework (I know so weird including this blog post, WEIRD).


October 6, 2014

Dear School of Applied Tinkering,
I, Julian Hayes, am proposing a final arc project on photography to draw my dream house and do a timelapse on a graph paper or draft paper. This relates to our photography arc because I will need to do a timelapse of my technical drawing. A time lapse is a series of photos in a fast video so you can see the progress of something very quickly. This is interesting to me because the timelapse will show the progress of each line that I draw. I think making the drawing will make me become better at doing architecture because I want to be an architect when I grow up.  
At the end of this project, I will have a timelapse of my technical drawing. Time-permitting, I would like to then create a digital dream house on my computer.
In order to accomplish this, I will spend two weeks in Brightworks drawing my dream house and I will also take a picture every time I draw a line on the paper. I request $20 to fund this project, as I will need to purchase drafting paper. The rest of the materials are already available, including a pencil, camera, tripod, computer, and time lapse editing software for the materials.

I am excited to do this project because I will learn more about architecture. I know about the door symbol on drawings and my Grandpa and Alison think I have a potential to be an architect, This project will let me learn more about architecture, photography, and time lapse.


Project Designer, Julian Hayes

Collaborator, Amanda Oberski

Director, Ellen Hathaway


Education Architect, Gever Tulley

Today the red band day

Today I was working on my project which is to draw my dream house which is a technical drawing and take a timelapse everytime I draw a line. After park and lunch I was helping Oscar on his project which was just him taking photos of me in different positions with a spear(which was made very quickly). After helping Oscar I worked on my project a little bit more then we were going on a photo safari with the red band (which is the youngest band at school). After walking around on a few blocks of red band taking photos and seeing a person doing an art piece and came back to school

a day at circle.

October the first

Today my band was writing about our projects for the arc and I didn’t know what to write down. Later Sean came and asked if I could come with Kat and Khalia to work more on the shelves we were making yesterday. Kat, Khalia and I went to the workshop to build the shelves. When we finished making the first shelf we went to the upstairs band space to see it worked and it did. So we got some wood to put in the gaps in the wall. Once we drilled the shelf on we tested it with a glass jar full of pens and it sadly fell, jokes it actually worked so we went to build another shelf but we had to measure the space we were going to put it in. Once we got the final measurements we went back to the workshop to build and we cut 2 pieces and measured were we had to cut it some more with the chopsaw and the jigsaw but we only got to do the chop saw.

After park and lunch we were going to do some more thinking for our projects and I asked Amanda what I should do and she asked me what was my favorite part of the arc so far and I told her it was the technical drawings and I said I could take a timelapse of me doing the drawing until I finish. 25 minutes later Oscar’s parents arrive to teach us how to edit pictures on Pixlr and using the polaroid and taking the film to put on paper. After a while it was the end of the day but read this last 2 sentences below

In my selfie you can see that I am in the kitchen doing my homework. But I have a cool fridge, and that makes me seem interesting and my life is cool, jokes.

Pixlr photo editing

Today I went on pixlr and used the pencil tool and wrote MINECRAFT. I tried saving it as a PXD but it didn't work so I did JPEG. I love pixlr so much.


Today I was helping Oscar making a plan for our upstairs band space for the whole morning. Then we went to park. When everyone got back from park everyone had lunch and after lunch my band went upstairs to work on the band space. When we got the measurements, Khalia, Kaia and I went with Sean to build a shelf. At the beginning we had to cut the big piece of wood to pieces then we had to draw lines so we can cut the wood more. Once we finished it was the end of the day.

Most of the morning Khalia was saying something like poo-hoe.


I think selfies are a little bit about vanity but mostly to let people know where you are or something interesting you might be doing or seeing, like visiting a famous monument. The reason why it’s a little about vanity is because it is part of human nature to show you look good but some people take it too far. For example they would take a selfie and put on instagram and say I look so fabulous and people would say to be nice “yes you do”.

It’s also a little bit about vanity because some people take lots of selfies of themselves but only put the ones where they look really good on the internet. Like not the ones where they are eating or have their eyes closed. But you could also be saying that if you’re seeing famous monuments or something that your life is really interesting too. Which is also vain.

In my selfie you can see that I am in the kitchen doing my homework. But I have a cool fridge, and that makes me seem interesting and my life is cool, jokes.


The article is about a 5th grader sending a letter to the CEO of Microsoft because she didn’t want Minecraft to be changed. Microsoft bought Minecraft for $2.5 billion. Phil Spencer, Head of XBox, sent a letter back to Sabrina telling her that he liked her reasons that she didn’t want the game to be changed and he said they would try and make Minecraft even better than what it was before.

What parts of the article are done RIGHT when talking about and sharing opinions?
Some things that are right are that the writer’s opinion isn’t too mean or too nice. It gives two sides to the story, like the things the girl was worried about in her letter to Microsoft about Minecraft, but also like what Microsoft had to say back.

What parts, if any, could have been done better?
I think the article was pretty good, I don’t think there was much they could have done better. The opinions are respectful.

How does this relate to our conversation on Friday?
I wasn’t there for some of the conversation but it does relate to some things we talked about like respectfully sharing opinions. The person who wrote the article is pretty respectful of the girl who wrote the letter and also respectful of Microsoft by showing the letter that they wrote.

What is your opinion on the article?

I think that they might actually change Minecraft which I would not be happy with that. They might keep it the same as it was but sometimes adding in new things like campfires and new mobs. Microsoft could also make Minecraft better. For example they could make it easier to play with friends and improve lan that it would have to be in the same city instead of internet (just saying). I think this article is making Microsoft look a little bit bad because it says that they didn’t have a good acquisition of another game, and maybe Phil Spencer answered because he wanted Microsoft to look good. But if it the letter wasn't going to be public on an article Microsoft would maybe just ignore the person and not reply.

the day

Today Amelia's Dad came to school to teach us a little bit about neuroscience (AKA brain science). He told us about eyes actually being part of the brain because when everyone is in the womb the eyes are next to the brain. The eyes were once attached and the eyeball comes out to our eye socket. The brain actually works like a camera, and even works like things that can process stuff electronically like computers.

When Amelia’s Dad, Dave, was finished talking to several bands at school, he came to our band space to answer some of our questions. One of the things Dave told us was that our eyes can look left, right, up, and down without moving our head, but our eyes can rotate. So find someone and tell them to look at your eye, then tilt your head and (hoping that the person is still looking) they would see that the eye didn't rotate with the head. Ask them to tilt their own head and look.

Once Dave answered some of our questions it was time to go to park. So we walked to park and played for an hour or so, then we had to go back to school. When we arrived at school we had to go to Khalia’s Grandma’s restaurant on Valencia St. The restaurant served mexican food. We had lunch for 90 minutes and went back to school but Khalia stayed at the restaurant because there was no point her walking to school and then having to go back.

technical drawing

I think technical drawing is lots of fun but it's very hard because you need to do it to scale correctly. The reason I think its fun is because I get to draw, to think about spaces and design. When I was little I saw my Grandpa (who I call Papy) sometimes drawing with the ruler like thing but it was a metre long. He normally made big drawings of building plans because he is an architect.

Also my Mum's friend, Alison is an architect like my Grandpa. A few days ago my Mum told me I could be a good architect because of my very good Lego and Minecraft skills. Alison used Lego at her architecture school to make model houses.

It's important to scale everything correctly because when people start building it, they need to make sure everything fits in the room correctly.

I was surprised by how complicated it was to use the ruler thing architects use, but I found the whole thing exciting to do.


Today we went to a darkroom to process everybody's pictures we took with the film cameras. When we arrived, we went to a table that was bright to have a look at our pictures. When we went in the darkroom the lights were on and a lady called Victoria turned the lights off. I thought the moment where you put your pictures in all these chemicals that let you see the image on this special paper was fun. I also really liked the door that rotated so no light could get in the darkroom.

A darkroom is where you go to process your photos that are on film, but it's all weird looking and the colors are backwards because it's a negative image. I used a machine in the darkroom that is called an enlarger. It blows up the image on the negative. Not like an explosion! I didn't explode the negative. It just makes the photo bigger.

Photography article National Geographic

The article is about the power of photography and how photographers use cameras as tools to capture moments in the world. It tells you about some of the things photographers do when they are in Alaska and Africa and anywhere else on Earth. The article has a video on the website (that is 30 seconds long) of photographs about objects people and animals, and some of them we have seen at school (if you go to Brightworks). For example the terrified person who survived an avalanche and took a photo of himself covered in snow. The article talks about the history of National Geographic’s photographs and about how much people use photography daily and how many internet photo uploads there are in the world.

here is the link

Questions about light

Q&Q (Question and Question)

  • I don't understand how x-rays can go through everything except bones and lead?
  • How are colours made?
  • How is light from the sun, lamps and other things make light?
  • Is it possible for a microwave to make the lights we see their original form?
  • Is radiation a form of light?
  • How do mirrors reflect the light correctly?

Philip Homework - aperture and shutter speed

This is a photo of Oscar waving his arms like crazy while Lucie is looking at him strangely.

This is a photo of Lucie and Oscar waving their arms like crazy (FINALLY Lucie is waving like crazy too).

Here is a photo of Oscar and Lucie waving so crazily that you can't really see their arms.

I think in this picture it's just too much crazy waving (say hello to papa Lucie and Oscar).

Here is a picture of Lucie who looks like she wants that string(AKA the Whip) so she could be like Gollum.

She still has that Gollum look in her eyes but at me(so scary!!!)

Now in this picture she wants to hide from the camera. She nearly succeeded.

In this photo she was in a really uncomfortable position because she basically stayed there while Oscar took his photos.
Shutter Speed: The shutter speed lets the image to the image sensor or the film if using a SLR.

Aperture: The aperture is basically a big eye and if it's smaller it is focusing, but really dark, and if the eye is big it lets in a lot of light but the photo is more out of focus. 

Photo of stranger

Name: Aaron
What Aaron does: pipe organ builder (a pipe organ is a big piano with a lot of tubes that make musical notes)
Where photo was taken: I took this photo on the corner of Lexington St and 18 St, The Mission, San Francisco

Photography article

Daguerreotype taken by Louis Daguerre in Paris

What is the article about? 

This article is about the history of photography and the camera. It's also about the people who invented photography and created different types of photographs. One of the inventors was Louis Daguerre. This article is about all the different types of the photograph like the calotype and the daguerreotype. Plus it explains how the creators of photography completed their goals and the year they made their type of photograph. 

Why did you chose this article? 

The reason I chose this article was because I like history very much and it was fun to learn new things about the history of photography that Philip and Amanda don’t know. I learned the names of photographers like Louis Daguerre and Joseph Nicephore Niepce and what they did to develop photography. I also picked it because I like Ancient Greek and I also discovered the etymology of some of the photograph types, for example “photograph” comes from the words photos (light) and graphein (to draw), and calotype means beautiful picture. 

What I learnt 

I learnt all these names of very important people who made modern photography, like Louis Daguerre. He named a type of photograph after himself which is the daguerreotype. Joseph Niepce used the camera obscura to take a photograph. Nobody had done it before. He put up a metal plate and put bitumen (which people use for roofing and asphalt) on it. Then he left the metal plate for 8 hours so the image would appear but it would disappear later. Now I have discovered when photography was made. It was in 1827 by Joseph Niepce. Plus I learned about all the different people who invented photography. I also learnt when film was made.

Philip homework

Here is a photo of Ellen in mid conversation with someone and theres Gever behind her.
Here is a photo of Justine and I even brightened her face so you can see her beautiful smile (that brightens the day).

Glen Canyon